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  Muscle Pain       Head, Neck, Shoulder, Arm      
 
 
Rachel Walker in training for the Edinburgh Marathon
My daughter, Rachel, completed the Edinburgh Marathon this year in 4 hours 40 minutes in aid of Parkinsons(UK).org.uk. Please support her by making a donation via JustGiving.com
 
Trigger Point Maps
  • This page contains information about the causes of muscle or myofascial pain in the Head, Neck, Shoulder, and Arm regions. It would be impossible to describe each and every muscle in detail, so I have therefore concentrated on the common ones.
  • Weak and tight muscles are a common cause of acute and chronic pain in patients seen in the pain clinic. Performing the stretches and exercises in the right hand column of the table below, can help to relieve muscle pain without resorting to pain relief drugs and muscle relaxants, and help you to achieve your own pain management goals.
  • It's important to stretch your muscles to make them more supple, and also strengthen and build them up to make them more resistant to further sprains / injury.
  • Think about trying the Pain Gone Pen - a simple low-cost non-drug self-help pain device for home use.
  • Please note - in the diagrams below:-
    • X = the position of the trigger point (TrP).
    • = the position where the referred pain is felt.
Region
Muscle
TrP Map
Exercise
Head
Trapezius 1
Trapezius 2, 3
Trapezius 4, 5
Trapezius 6, 7
Sternocleidomastoid
Masseter
Temporalis
Pterygoids
Medial
Lateral
Diagastric
Face
Orbicularis Occuli
-
Zygomaticus Major
Platysma
Occipitofrontalis
-
Neck
Splenius Capitis
Splenius Cervicis
Posterior Cervical Muscles
Multifidus
Semispinalis Cervicis
Semicervalis Capitis
Suboccipital Muscles
Rectus Capitis Posterior Minor
Rectus Capitis Posterior Major
Obliquus Capitis Superior
Obliquus Capitis Inferior
Levator Scapulae
Scalene Muscles
Scalenus Anterior
Scalenius Medius
Scalenus Posterior
Scalenus Minimus
Shoulder
Supraspinatus
Infraspinatus
Teres Minor
Latissimus Dorsi
Teres Major
Subscapularis
Rhomboid Major
Rhomboid Minor
Deltoid
Arm
Coracobrachialis
Biceps
Brachialis
Triceps
Long Head
Medial Head
Lateral Head
Lower Arm
Hand Extensors
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus
Brachioradialis
Finger Extensors
Extensor Digitorum
Extensor Digiti Minimi
Extensor Indicis
Supinator
Palmaris Longus
Hand Flexors
Flexor Carpi Radialis
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
Finger Flexors
Finger Digitorum Superficialis
Flexor Pollicis Longus
Pronator Teres
Hand
Adductor Pollicis
Opponens Pollicis
Dorsal Interossei
Abductor Digiti Minimi

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